The Society of the Cincinnati is a charitable corporation organized under the laws of the District of Columbia to promote popular understanding and appreciation of the American Revolution and its legacy. The corporation is governed by a board of directors with thirty-five members—six officers and twenty-nine directors. Between meetings of the board of directors, the corporation is governed by an executive committee, consisting of the six officers, executive director, and solicitor. The officers serve for three-year terms. The directors serve until replaced. The executive director and solicitor are appointed officials. The Society of the Cincinnati, Inc., is governed under bylaws adopted by its board of directors. The Society of the Cincinnati was incorporated in 1937 and was granted exemption from taxation by a special act of the U.S. Congress. The corporation is a 501(c)(3) charity. All donations to the Society of the Cincinnati, Inc., are tax-deductible to the fullest extent allowed by law.

The Society of the Cincinnati was founded in 1783 by retiring officers of the Continental Army who subscribed to the Institution of the Society of the Cincinnati. Having secured the independence of the United States in a war lasting more than eight years, they created the Society of the Cincinnati to perpetuate the memory of the American Revolution and the accomplishments of the Revolutionary generation. The founders elected George Washington, the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, as the first president general of the Society of the Cincinnati. Until the twentieth century, the Society of the Cincinnati was governed by its six officers, with major governing decisions approved by general meetings of the Society held every three years. To make major governing decisions between these Triennial meetings, the Society established a twenty-eight-member standing committee, to meet twice each year, in 1890. Triennial meetings and meetings of the standing committee, largely ceremonial in nature, link the modern Society of the Cincinnati to its historical origins. The Society is the oldest private patriotic organization in the United States.

The American Revolution Institute of the Society of the Cincinnati, Inc., is a division of the Society of the Cincinnati, Inc., authorized and governed by the board of directors in 2012 and launched in 2014. The American Revolution Institute carries out the work of perpetuating the memory of the American Revolution in the twenty-first century, presenting historical programs and publications, supporting advanced research, and preserving artifacts, art, manuscripts, and printed materials vital to understanding the constructive achievements of the Revolutionary generation. This educational work is overseen by a board of governors with as many as fifteen members—patriotic men and women who serve terms of three to six years. The board of governors advises the board of directors on the governance of the American Revolution Institute and the executive director on the management of the American Revolution Institute and its programs. Donations to the American Revolution Institute of the Society of the Cincinnati, Inc., are dedicated to its mission and are tax deductible to the fullest extent allowed by law.

Officers

The officers of the Society of the Cincinnati, in order of seniority, are the president general, vice president general, secretary general, treasurer general, assistant secretary general, and assistant treasurer general. These traditional titles have been in use since 1783, when George Washington was elected the first president general of the Society. Since 1937 these officers have held corresponding positions in the governance of the corporation.

President General

William Pless Lunger of Arlington, Virginia, has served as the thirty-ninth president general since 2019. As president general, he is president of the corporation. In that capacity he presides over the executive committee and serves as chairman of the board of directors. He appoints committee chairmen and vice chairmen, committee members, and a variety of officials, including the corporate solicitor and counselors, and coordinates the management of the Society’s affairs with the executive director. Mr. Lunger served as assistant secretary general from 2010 to 2013, secretary general from 2013 to 2016, and vice president general from 2016 to 2019.

Vice President General

Frank Keech Turner, Jr., of Baltimore, Maryland, has served as vice president general since 2019. In that capacity he is vice president of the corporation and presides over the executive committee and board of directors in the absence of the president. The vice president is an ex officio member of the board of governors of the American Revolution Institute of the Society of the Cincinnati, Inc. Mr. Turner served as treasurer general from 2016 to 2019 and assistant treasurer general from 2010 to 2016.

Secretary General

Joel Thomas Daves IV of Mobile, Alabama, has served as secretary general since 2019. As secretary general, he has responsibility for the Society’s correspondence and records and organizes meetings on behalf of the president general. Mr. Daves served as assistant secretary general from 2016 to 2019. Prior to that he served as co-chairman of the Annual Giving Committee and co-chairman of the State Associations Liaison Committee.

Treasurer General

Francis Ellerbe Grimball, of Mount Pleasant, South Carolina, has served as treasurer general since 2019. As treasurer general, he is the chief financial official of the corporation, has responsibility for the security and management of the funds of the Society, and oversees receipts and expenditures, accounting, investment, and development activities. He served as the the Building and Grounds Committee chairman from 2016 to 2019.

Assistant Secretary General

William Postell Raiford, Ph.D., of Hockessin, Delaware, has served as assistant secretary general since 2019. In that capacity he serves as editor-in-chief of the Society’s twice-yearly journal, Cincinnati Fourteen, and works with the secretary general and the executive director to coordinate the Society’s print and electronic communications. Dr. Raiford previously served as chairman of the Building and Grounds Committee and the French and American Exchanges Committee.

Assistant Treasurer General

Robert Mosby Turnbull of Richmond, Virginia, has served as assistant treasurer general since 2019. In that capacity he serves as co-chairman of the Annual Giving Committee and as chairman of the Pensions and Benefits Committee. Mr. Turnbull previously served as chairman of the Library Committee.

Directors

The directors of the Society of the Cincinnati, Inc., meet as the board of directors of the corporation. Directors of the corporation serve simultaneously as members and alternate members of the standing committee of the Society of the Cincinnati, the historic governing body, now chiefly ceremonial, created in 1890.

Robert Carter Arnold, Washington, D.C.

Richard Saltonstall Auchincloss, Jr., St. Davids, Pennsylvania

Francis Gorham Brigham III, Newtonville, Massachusetts

Richard Fairlie Brinkley, Dunedin, Florida

Jean-François, comte de Caffarelli, Paris, France

Thomas Edward Crocker, Jr., Washington, D.C.

Robert Campbell Farmer, Richmond, Virginia

Thomas Bartley Gorin, Riverside, Connecticut

Palmer Clarkson Hamilton, Mobile, Alabama

Thomas Heyward Motte Hamilton, Charleston, South Carolina

Comte Georges d'Harcourt, Paris, France

James Terry Honan, Eufaula, Alabama

Paul Douglas Huling, Alexandria, Virginia

Stephen Benjamin Jeffries, Boston, Massachusetts

Basil Magruder Jones, Jr., Richmond, Virginia

David Peter Kollock, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania

George Wright Lennon, Raleigh, North Carolina

Frank Mauran IV, Providence, Rhode Island

Capers Walter McDonald, Potomac, Maryland

Herbert Jaques Motley, Jr., Boston, Massachusetts

James Keith Peoples, Washington, D.C.

Michael Paul Pillsbury, Ph.D., Washington, D.C.

William Francis Price, Jr., Malibu, California

Kenneth Duane Roach, Windsor, Connecticut

William Lowe Sheftall III, Thomasville, Georgia

Gregory J. Sproat, Jeffersonville, Pennsylvania

Nathaniel Reynolds Tingley, Jr., Providence, Rhode Island

Mark Crosby Ward, Devon, Pennsylvania

Mark Calhoun Williams, Bethesda, Maryland

Other Key Officials

Solicitor

William Polk Skinner of Washington, D.C., has served as solicitor to the Society of the Cincinnati since 2012. In that capacity he is the senior legal counsel to the corporation and advises the executive director, executive committee, and board of directors on legal matters. The solicitor is a non-voting member of the executive committee.

Executive Director

Jack Duane Warren, Jr., of Alexandria, Virginia, has served as executive director since 2004. In that capacity he directs the work of the corporation, including the American Revolution Institute of the Society of the Cincinnati, Inc. He proposes the annual budget to the board of directors, manages the staff, and is responsible to the president general, executive committee, and board of directors for the conduct of the Society’s programs. The executive director is a non-voting member of the executive committee.